|PDH Online Course Description||PDH Units/
Learning Units (Hours)
Walter R. Niessen, PE, BCEE
In the last two decades of the 20th century, environmental action groups and the regulatory community put the spotlight on air and ash emissions from municipal waste combustors (MWCs). This scrutiny and new data on the health effects of a wide spectrum of heavy metals and chemical compounds fostered vigorous opposition to proposed plants, to the adoption of increasingly stringent emission and ash management requirements and to other restrictive statutes at the federal, state and even the local level. One response in this adversarial environment is to develop altogether new thermal processing technologies that are inherently low in emissions yet still achieve the goal of minimizing landfill space consumption while accepting the wide range of feedstocks comprising MSW. One such class of new, environmentally benign technologies is based on the gasification of refuse coupled with intensive cleanup of the product gas. The members of this class have been given the name “Conversion Processes” by the waste management community. From an environmental viewpoint, the gasification technologies appear to represent a sound response to the regulatory challenges of U.S. EPA. However, economics has always been a critical and probably pacing factor affecting the commercial success of thermal processing technology along with performance acceptability (which most importantly focuses on on-line availability, achievement of guarantees and safety). These key cost and process characteristics will only be confidently known when commercial operation of conversion technologies has been demonstrated over an extended period of time.
This course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.
NY PE & PLS: You must choose courses that are technical in nature or related to matters of laws and ethics contributing to the health and welfare of the public. NY Board does not accept courses related to office management, risk management, leadership, marketing, accounting, financial planning, real estate, and basic CAD. Specific course topics that are on the borderline and are not acceptable by the NY Board have been noted under the course description on our website.
AIA Members: You must take the courses listed under the category "AIA/CES Registered Courses" if you want us to report your Learning Units (LUs) to AIA/CES. If you take courses not registered with AIA/CES, you need to report the earned Learning Units (not qualified for HSW credits) using Self Report Form provided by AIA/CES.