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M557
Oil & Gas Refining - Production and Processes

Jurandir Primo, PE

This course brings the fundamentals of Oil & Gas Refining - Production and Processes, in a very important didactic form, suited for everyone, beginners, students, technicians, engineers, contractors and all interested professionals, working or not, with Oil & Gas Production. The concepts of this course are divided in 6 basic sections as follows: Introduction, Refineries History, Transportation History, Transportation & Storage Nowadays, Oil & Gas Refineries, and Gas Refineries, properly illustrated and distributed in 85 pages.

Refining is a complex series of processes that manufactures finished petroleum products out of cru-de oil. While refining begins as a simple distillation (by heating and separating), refineries use more sophisticated additional processes and equipment in order to produce the mix of products that the market demands. Generally, this latter effort minimizes the production of heavier, lower value pro-ducts (for example, residual fuel oil, used to power large ocean ships) in favor of middle distillates (jet fuel, kerosene, home heating oil and diesel fuel) and lighter, higher value products (liquid petroleum gases (LPG), naphtha, and gasoline).

The main objective of refineries is to convert crude oil into useable petroleum products. Typically, one barrel of crude oil is approximately 19 gallons of gasoline, nine gallons of distillates (home heating fuel, diesel and kerosene), plus lesser amounts of other refined products such as, jet fuel, liquid petroleum gas and residual oil. To a limited extent, refiners can adjust the refining process to alter the resulting mix of refined products, and to fit changing customer needs.

Natural gas is a considerable development of technology, and when converted to liquids and pressurized, enables more widespread transportation. Natural gas use is growing across all economic sectors. Natural gas burns cleaner than oil or coal, and this environmental benefit has encouraged its use. While decades ago natural gas was seen as an unwanted byproduct of oil and may have been wasted, its value has been recognized today. Most natural gas is distributed by pipelines, which is a limiting factor for remote resources that are not near the major consuming markets.

This course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.


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NY PE & PLS: You must choose courses that are technical in nature or related to matters of laws and ethics contributing to the health and welfare of the public. NY Board does not accept courses related to office management, risk management, leadership, marketing, accounting, financial planning, real estate, and basic CAD. Specific course topics that are on the borderline and are not acceptable by the NY Board have been noted under the course description on our website.

AIA Members: You must take the courses listed under the category "AIA/CES Registered Courses" if you want us to report your Learning Units (LUs) to AIA/CES. If you take courses not registered with AIA/CES, you need to report the earned Learning Units (not qualified for HSW credits) using Self Report Form provided by AIA/CES.

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