General Principles of Pumping Station Layout
John Poullain, P.E.
online course provides general guidance and principles for the design and layout
of flood control pumping stations. The general principles for pumping station
design and layout for sumps, types of discharge and arrangements, types of pumps,
sump types along with environmental, power and access considerations are discussed.
Detailed design for pump stations and layout is presented in manuals as referenced.
This course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.
At the conclusion of this three-hour course, the student will:
This course is intended for civil, structural and mechanical engineers and planners.
Benefit to Attendees
The student will become familiar with and gain knowledge of a wide range of items involved in the design and layout of flood control pumping stations, all which must be considered and evaluated for an economic and efficient facility. Items discussed include the capacity, type, size and number of pumps and sumps, the interrelation between pumps and sumps and the siphon and discharge arrangements. The student will gain a general understanding of pumping station trash racks and rakes, cranes will understand how these items serve to configure or site the end product, a dependable pumping station. Also discussed are the importance of power supplies, access and environmental protection.
A pumping station
has many features including a building (if required) for pumps and equipment,
inflow and discharge facilities, sumps, gravity flow structures, gate structures,
headwalls, retaining walls, appurtenant structures and features such as: cranes,
trash racks and rakes, heating and ventilation. A pumping station above all
must be reliable. Because pumping stations are a vulnerable feature of a flood
protection project, dependability as well as project pricing must be considered
during the design and layout process.
The purpose of this course is to provide the student with a basic
understanding of the principles for the design and layout of pumping stations.
Among the factors that must be considered and evaluated for the design and layout
of a pumping station are:
a. Hydraulic and hydrologic designs.
b. Existing foundation conditions, water table, presence of rock, soils tests for corrosiveness of soil.
c. Utility requirements and availability of power and water lines.
d. Existing underground utilities; water lines, sanitary sewers, storm drains, gas mains and electric conduits.
e. Access for personnel and equipment and O & M.
f. Topography, natural boundaries like waterways and streams.
g. Property lines, Federal, state and local and political boundaries.
h. Inflow and discharge facilities and channels.
i. Planned development in the service area. The pumping station could be designed with space for additional or new pumps, motors etc.
Pumping stations may be built above or below grade, as indoor
or outdoor types and with several types of inflow and discharge configurations.
The size of the station is determined by the required hydraulic capacity and
the required sump area and depth. The pumping station should service an area
such that all points within the area can be drained by gravity. Site location
may ultimately be decided on the condition of the existing foundation materials.
The cost for engineering improvements for weak foundation materials may be prohibitive.
In this course, you are required to study the US Army Corps of Engineers Manual, "General Principles of Pumping Station Design and Layout", EM 1110-2-3102 (1995 Edition, 33 pages), PDF file.
The link to the Engineers Manual (in PDF format) is:
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Environmental Requirements
Chapter 3 Electric Power Supply
Chapter 4 Station Design
Chapter 5 Equipment Supply
Chapter 6 Sump Design
Chapter 7 Discharge Arrangement
Chapter 8 Station Auxiliaries
Appendix A Plates
You need to open or download this document to study this course.
The design and
layout of a pumping station involves a team composed of environmentalists, several
engineering disciplines, planners, economists and the owners or sponsors. This
course is an overview of the important features and general criteria that must
be considered and evaluated to produce an economical, efficient and dependable
facility. The criteria discussed cover a wide range of pumping station features:
environmental, power supply, types of pumps, pumping station floor elevations
and equipment, sump sizing, discharge arrangements and access requirements.
For additional technical information related to this subject, please refer to:
Design (2nd Edition) by R. L. Sanks
EM 1110-2-3104, "Structural and Architectural Design of Pumping Stations.
EM 1110-2-3105, "Mechanical and Electrical Design of Pumping Stations.