Introduction to Circuit Protection Devices
A. Bhatia, B.E.
Electricity is part of our everyday lives but there are safety hazards associated with the electricity. Safety hazards occur anywhere a person could come into contact with electrical lines or equipment. As long as a person is touching the ground (or something in contact with the ground), electricity has the potential to travel through him or her, causing shock, burn, or even death. Fuses and circuit breakers are protective devices used to ensure that too much current does not flow through a circuit. A fuse or circuit breaker is designed to create an open circuit if too much current flows through it. You can think of it as a switch that automatically turns itself off if the current through it exceeds a certain level.
This course provides you with insight to how circuit protection devices work.
This 4-hr course material is based entirely on Naval Education and Training Materials (NAVEDTRA 14175), Electricity and Electronic Training Series; Module-3 “Circuit Protection Devices” and covers Chapter 2.
The course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of course materials.
At the conclusion of this course, the student will be able to:
This course is aimed at students, professional electrical & electronics engineers, service technicians, energy auditors, operational & maintenance personnel, facility engineers and general audience.
You must have wondered that why the birds sitting on an electric line don't get shocked?
This is because they aren't touching anything that is touching the ground. The lines they sit on are insulated from the ground by glass or ceramic disks. The disks don't allow the lines to touch the poles which would be a route to the ground. However, if those birds take flight and their wings touch two lines at once, or if they touch a pole and wire at the same time, they will get shocked and could die.
The technical explanation to this fact is that electricity always travels the easiest path to ground. It is this attribute of electricity that makes it dangerous to people, because we are almost always touching the ground or something in contact with the ground.
Safety devices including 3-pronged plugs, Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters, fuses, and circuit breakers are built into circuits to help prevent dangerous situations.
Switches are a convenient way to open and close a circuit. Circuit breakers and fuses are like automatic switches that open a circuit if it becomes overloaded.
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Electricity only travels in a closed loop called a circuit and the circuits can carry a specific amount of electricity. That amount is measured in watts, volts, and amps. When there is some kind of "leak" in a circuit, the electricity flows out of its specified path.
In a circuit, as more resistors are added in parallel, the total resistance decreases, which causes an increase in the total amount of voltage. Circuit protection devices are protective items used to ensure that too much current does not flow through a circuit. Two common type of circuit protection devices are fuses and circuit breakers.
Once you finish studying the above course content, you need to take a quiz to obtain the PDH credits.