Print this page Print this page

Combustion of Number 2 Fuel Oil & Pressure Atomizing Burners

Tim Laughlin, P.E.

Course Outline

1. Learning objectives
2. Introduction
3. Course content
4. Course summary

This 4-hour course discusses combustion of Number 2 fuel oil and pressure atomizing burners. It
includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.

Learning Objective

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

Course Introduction

About 6,000 products are made from petroleum. The word petroleum means "rock oil". About 65% of the petroleum processed is used for transportation. Ten percent is used for petrochemical feed stocks. Nine percent is used for heating and electric generation. The United States uses approximalty 19.6 million barrels (42 gal.) a day of petroleum products. In 2002, the US used 57.8 billion gallons of Distillate Fuel Oil. Fuel oil No. 2 keeps about 10 million US homes warm and plays important roles in industry in manufacturing and stream generation.

All petroleum products are chemical compounds of carbon & hydrogen. High pressure atomizing burners are designed to burn distillate number 2 fuel oil. The sulfur content of Highway Use Distillate Fuel will phase down to 15 ppm beginning the middle of 2006 through 2010. The sulfur content of Distillate Fuel Oil will phase down considerably due to this, which in turn will provide for even cleaner combustion.

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Pamphlet 31 "Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment" is the reference most state building codes use for the proper installation of fuel oil equipment. To order call 1-800-344-3555 or NFPA web site at

Course Content

The the course content is in PDF file Combustion of Number 2 Fuel Oil & Pressure Atomizing Burners.

You need to open or download this document to study this course.

Course Summary

The efficient combustion of distillate fuel oils is upmost concern for industry to achieve lower exhaust gas emissions and improve economic performance of heating plant equipment. Combustion testing by use of proper test equipment must be use to correctly ensure that distillate oil burners are set up to industry standards based on analysis of the combustion flue gases.

For distillate fuel oil equipment to reach its maximum efficiency year after year, combustion testing must be performed at regular intervals.

Relationships of the burners, nozzles, fuel oil type, combustion chambers, chimneys, draft, pumps, and ignition all play a role in efficient fuel oil combustion. Brief overviews are provided on the burner mechanics and components. Finally, a formula sheet is provide for use in heating plant calculations and a fact sheet regarding US EPA's comparison of new oil burners vs. old oil burners particular emission rates in Air Pollution Manual 42.

Once you finish studying the above course content, you need to take a quiz to obtain the PDH credits.

Take a Quiz

DISCLAIMER: The materials contained in the online course are not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of or any other person/organization named herein. The materials are for general information only. They are not a substitute for competent professional advice. Application of this information to a specific project should be reviewed by a registered professional engineer. Anyone making use of the information set forth herein does so at their own risk and assumes any and all resulting liability arising therefrom.