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USCG Mobile Marine Transportation Related FRP

Tim Laughlin, P.E.

Under the Clean Water Act, as amended by the Oil Pollution Act (OPA), certain facilities that store and use oil are required to prepare and submit Marine Transportation Related Facility (MTR) Response Plans (FRP) as part of the USCG Oil Pollution Prevention regulation (OPP). The Oil Pollution Prevention regulation, was promulgated on December 11, 1973, under the authority of §311(j) (1) (C) of the Clean Water Act (CWA).

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701-2761 Passed by Congress after the Exxon Valdez spill) amended the Clean Water Act and addressed the wide range of problems associated with preventing, responding to, and paying for oil pollution incidents in navigable waters of the United States. It created a comprehensive prevention, response, liability, and compensation regime to deal with vessel- and facility-caused oil pollution to U.S. navigable waters. OPA greatly increased federal oversight of maritime oil transportation.

In addition, the OPA provided new requirements for contingency planning both by government and industry. The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) has been expanded in a three-tiered approach: the Federal government is required to direct all public and private response efforts for certain types of spill events; Area Committees -- composed of federal, state, and local government officials -- must develop detailed, location-specific Area Contingency Plans; and owners or operators of vessels and certain facilities that pose a serious threat to the environment must prepare their own Facility Response Plans.

Oil Pollution Prevention (OPP) regulation has separate Facility Response Plan (FRP) requirements/regulations that became effective August 30, 1994. The FRP program is designed to ensure that certain facilities have adequate oil spill response capabilities for “worst case discharges” for a certain subset of facilities that store/use oils.

The OPP also established procedures, procedures, methods, equipment, and other requirements to prevent the discharge of oil from non-transportation-related onshore and offshore facilities into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines, or into or upon the waters of the contiguous zone, or in connection with activities under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act or the Deepwater Port Act of 1974, or that may affect natural resources belonging to, appertaining to, or under the exclusive management authority of the United States

This course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.

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